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George Waddell

George Waddell is Research Associate in Performance Science at the Royal College of Music, where he is currently completing his PhD as an RCM Scholar. His research focusses on the processes underpinning performance assessment, examining musical decision-making among judges and audiences and the development of evaluative skills.

George is currently working on the TELMI project, funded by the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, which seeks to develop technologies that enhance instrumental music teaching. He lectures on experimental design, statistical analysis, and psychological aspects of creativity and evaluation in music performance.

George completed his BMus and MMus in piano performance at Brandon University (Canada) while completing courses in psychology. He was awarded the Brandon University Gold Medal for the Master of Music Degree, was a recipient of the Manitoba Graduate Scholarship, and holds an ARCT Diploma from the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto.

Selected publications

Waddell G, Perkins R, & Williamon A (forthcoming), Making an impression: error location and repertoire features affect performance quality rating processes, Music Perception.

Waddell G & Williamon A (2017), Eye of the beholder: stage entrance behavior and facial expression affect continuous quality ratings in music performance, Frontiers in Psychology, 8 (513), 1-14 [DOI] [VIDEO].

Waddell G & Williamon A (2017), Measuring the audience, in S Lee (ed.), Scholarly Research for Musicians (pp. 148-155), Routledge.

Waddell G (2015), Review of Expressiveness in Music Performance: Empirical Approaches Across Styles and Cultures (OUP, 2014), Psychology of Music, 43, 909-912 [DOI].

Find out more about George and the Centre of Performance Science. Visit website

Find out about the TELMI project. Visit website

Faculties / departments: Research


Research areas

Performance Science



Research projects


Time to Decide


Research supervisors

Aaron Williamon

Rosie Perkins


Latest Publications

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George Waddell

Research Associate in Performance Science